In an effort to elucidate the fundamental processes controlling bluff body flame stabilization, the dependence of the spatial distribution of the local equivalence ratio and the heat release dynamics upon the mode of fuel injection was studied. Experiments were performed in a single flame holder combustion channel which was supplied with a high-temperature air stream. Jet-A fuel was injected across the incoming air stream from one of two locations: a cylindrical fuel bar installed 0.25 m upstream of the bluff body, or from fuel injectors integrated within the bluff body 2.5 cm upstream of the trailing edge (i.e., close-coupled injection). The time-averaged spatial distributions of the combustion heat release were characterized by CH* and C2* chemiluminescence imaging of the flame, and ratios of the C2* to CH* light emission were used to characterize the local equivalence ratio. The spatial average of the C2*/CH* value in the flame was found to increase linearly with increasing global equivalence ratio for fuel injection upstream of the bluff body, whereas this value was relatively constant for close-coupled injection. This constant value equaled the same average C2*/CH* value obtained for upstream fuel injection at globally stoichiometric conditions, suggesting that combustion resulting from close-coupled fuel injection took place, on average, in stoichiometric flamelets throughout the combustor. The heat release dynamics due to asymmetric (von Ka´rma´n) vortex shedding were also investigated for each operating condition by recording high-speed movies of the flame at 24 kHz. Upon processing of these movies, the amplitudes of heat release fluctuations due to von Ka´rma´n vortex shedding were found to be significantly higher for close-coupled injection than for injection well upstream of the flame holder for all operating conditions. This is attributed to an increase in span-wise fuel-air mixing and near-wake heat release for upstream fuel injection, resulting in a hotter recirculation zone which suppressed the von Ka´rma´n instability more than the close-coupled case.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.