Non-reacting and reacting flows past typical flameholders are modeled with URANS and LES. The continuity, momentum, energy, species, and turbulence governing equations are solved using two- and three-dimensional configurations. Either 2-step global or 44-step reduced chemical mechanism for C3H8-air combustion, accounting for turbulence-chemistry interaction, and with temperature- and species-dependent thermodynamic and transport properties is utilized. For square and rectangular bluff bodies the flow separates at the leading edges, whereas for triangular bluff body separation occurs only at the trailing edges. These bluff bodies exhibit two shear layers at the trailing edges that shed asymmetric vortices. For rectangular bluff bodies with aspect ratios (AR) less than 2.3 there is backflow from the wake. With increasing AR from unity, backflow is gradually diminished, and the von Ka´rma´n Strouhal number (StvK) decreases. For 2.0<AR<2.3, StvK jumps to a higher value and separation again occurs at the trailing edges for AR = 2.3. Further increase in AR decreases StvK again. The simulations with URANS qualitatively and quantitatively match experimental results for StvK vs. AR. Quantitative discrepancies are, however, found for AR≥2.3. In addition, two-dimensional non-reacting flows with URANS are sufficient to predict StvK. Moreover, two-dimensional simulations of reacting flow indicate that the flame promotes static and dynamic stability for AR = 1.0 and 2.3. The flame is dynamically unstable for AR = 2.0, exhibiting a von Ka´rma´n flow pattern. Stable flames anchored at the most downstream separation location (e.g., the flame anchored at AR = 1.0 is attached to the leading edge, whereas that of AR = 2.3 is attached to the trailing edge). Realizable k-ε URANS and LES simulations for the triangular cylinder closely match the experimental StvK for both non-reacting and reacting flows. Nonetheless, LES predicts a smaller recirculation length than k-ε URANS. LES predicts a flow field in which Be´rnard/von Ka´rma´n (BvK) instability is suppressed, whereas URANS predicts a competition between the Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability and BvK.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Characteristics of Bluff Body Stabilized Turbulent Premixed Flames
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Briones, AM, Sekar, B, & Thornburg, H. "Characteristics of Bluff Body Stabilized Turbulent Premixed Flames." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. June 6–10, 2011. pp. 43-54. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2011-45089
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