Passive control can result in increasing fuel efficiency and reducing combustion instabilities of gas turbine spray combustors. Through the use of geometric modifications of the conventional circular nozzles, this method potentially enhances mixing which is responsible for entraining the bulk air necessary for combustion. Several studies show that elliptic jets have higher mass entrainment and spreading rate compared to the equivalent circular jets [1]. The majority of these works have been limited to gaseous jets. The present study focuses on a liquid spray discharging into still ambient air from a single-hole injector with elliptic cross-section. The primary breakup is investigated using a theoretical approach. Characteristics of elliptic orifice jet are compared with circular orifice jet under different breakup regimes and various nozzle geometries.

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