Employing biomass as a feedstock to generate fuels or power has the advantage of being carbon neutral or even becoming carbon negative, if carbon is captured and sequestrated. However, there are challenges facing the effective utilization of biomass wastes: (a) biomass supply is limited and varies with the seasons, (b) biomass density is low and expensive for long-distance transportation, and (c) due to a limited supply of feedstock, biomass plants are usually small, which results in higher capital and production costs. Considering these challenges, it is more economically attractive and less technically challenging to co-combust or co-gasify biomass wastes with coal. This paper focuses on discussing issues associated with coal/biomass co-gasification as well as an investigation into the effect of adding different amounts of biomass up to 50% (wt.) on a 250MW IGCC plant’s performance, although a smaller plant of 75MW using 100% biomass is also included for comparison. The Siemens SGT6-6000G and Alstom GT8C2 gas turbines are used in the larger and smaller plants respectively. The results show the plant’s efficiency increases first as 10% biomass is added; then decreases as the biomass is increased to 30%; and increases again once the biomass reaches 50%. The variation of efficiency is minor, only within one percentage between 38% and 39%. The advantage of adding biomass can be seen from the almost proportional reductions of SOx, ash, energy for H2S removal, water for scrubber, and the effective CO2 emission. The effective CO2 is calculated by subtracting the neutral CO2 that is theoretically produced by burning the added biomass.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.