It is our premise that significant new advances in the understanding of noise generation mechanisms for jets and realistic methods for reducing this noise can be developed by exploiting high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics: namely large eddy simulation (LES). In LES, the important energy-containing structures in the flow are resolved explicitly, resulting in a time-dependent, three-dimensional realization of the turbulent flow. In the context of LES, the unsteady flow occurring in the jet plume (and its associated sound) can be accurately predicted without resort to adjustable empirical models. In such a framework, the nozzle geometry can be included to directly influence the turbulent flow including its coherent and fine-scale motions. The effects of propulsion system design choices and issues of integration with the airframe can also be logically addressed.

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