Serpentine ducts used by both military and commercial aircraft can generate significant flow angularity and total pressure distortion at the engine face. Most low by-pass ratio turbofan engines with mixed exhaust are equipped with inlet guide vanes (IGV) which can reduce the effect of moderate inlet distortion. High by-pass ratio and some low by-pass ratio turbofan engines are not equipped with IGVs, and swirl can in effect change the angle of attack of the fan blades. Swirl and total pressure distortion at the engine inlet will impact engine performance, operability, and durability. The impact on the engine performance and operability must be quantified to ensure safe operation of the aircraft and propulsion system. Testing is performed at a limited number of discrete points inside the propulsion system flight envelope where it is believed the engine is most sensitive to the inlet distortion in order to quantify these effects. Turbine engine compressor models are based on the limited amount of experimental data collected during testing. These models can be used as an analysis tool to improve the effectiveness of engine testing and to improve understanding of engine response to inlet distortion. The Dynamic Turbine Engine Compressor Code (DYNTECC) utilizes parallel compressor theory and quasi-one-dimensional Euler equations to determine compressor performance. In its standard form, DYNTECC uses user supplied characteristic stage maps in order to calculate stage forces and shaft work for use in the momentum and energy equations. These maps were typically developed using experimental data or created using characteristic codes such as the 1-D Mean Line Code (MLC) or the 2-D Streamline Curvature Code. The MLC was created to calculate the performance of individual compressor stages and requires less computational effort than the 2-D and 3-D models. To improve efficiency and accuracy, the MLC has been incorporated into DYNTECC as a subroutine. Rather than independently developing stage maps using the MLC and then importing these maps into DYNTECC, DYNTECC can now use the MLC to develop the required stage characteristic for the desired operating point. This will reduce time and complexity required to analyze the effects of inlet swirl on compressor performance. The combined DYNTECC/MLC was used in the past to model total pressure distortion. This paper presents the result obtained using the combined DYNTECC/MLC to model the effects of various types of inlet swirl on F109 fan performance and operability for the first time.

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