Gas turbine combustors with lean combustion injectors are prone to thermo-acoustic/combustion instabilities. Several passive techniques have been developed to control combustion instabilities, such as using Helmholtz resonators or viscous dampers using perforated liners that have potential for broadband acoustic damping. In this paper the role of single-walled cooling liners is considered in the damping of acoustic waves and on the flame transfer function in a sample bluff-body burner. Three liner geometries are considered: no bias flow (solid liner), normal effusion holes, and grazing effusion holes at 25° inclination. Cold flow experiments with speaker forcing are carried out to characterise the absorption properties of the liner and compared with an acoustic network model. The results show that whereas the bulk of the acoustic losses is due to the vortex recirculation zones, the liners contribute significantly to the absorption over a wide area of the frequency range. The flame transfer function gain is measured as a function of bias flow for a given operating condition of the burner. The experiments show that for the geometry considered, the global flame transfer function is little affected by cooling except in the case of the normal flow holes. Further analysis shows that whereas the total flame transfer function is not affected, the flame heat release becomes more spatially distributed along the axial length, and a 1D flame response shows distinct modes corresponding to the modal heat release locations.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Effect of Cooling Liner on Acoustic Energy Absorption and Flame Response
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Bhayaraju, U, Schmidt, J, Kashinath, K, & Hochgreb, S. "Effect of Cooling Liner on Acoustic Energy Absorption and Flame Response." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B. Glasgow, UK. June 14–18, 2010. pp. 511-522. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2010-22616
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