Development of concepts for reduction of jet noise has relied heavily on expensive experimental testing of various nozzle designs. For example, the design of nozzle serrations (chevron) and internal mixer/ejector nozzles have relied largely on laboratory and full-scale testing. Without a deeper understanding of the sources of high-speed jet noise it is very difficult to effectively design configurations that reduce the noise and maintain other performance metrics such as nozzle thrust. In addition, the high complexity of the flow limits the success of a parametric black-box optimization.

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