Due to the higher cooling requirements of novel combustor liners a comprehensive understanding of the phenomena concerning the interaction of hot gases with different coolant flows plays a major role in the definition of a well performing liner. An experimental analysis of a real engine cooling scheme was performed on a test article replicating a slot injection and an effusion array with a central large dilution hole. Test section consists of a rectangular cross-section duct and a flat perforated plate with 272 holes arranged in 29 staggered rows (d = 1.65 mm, Sx/d = 7.6, Sy/d = 6, L/d = 5.5, α = 30 deg); a dilution hole (D = 18.75 mm) is located at the 14th row. Both effusion and dilution holes are fed by a channel replicating combustor annulus, that allows to control cold gas side cross-flow parameters. Upstream the first effusion row, a 6.0 mm high slot ensure the protection of the very first region of the liner. Final aim was the measurement of adiabatic effectiveness of the cooling scheme by means of a steady-state Thermochromic Liquid Crystals (TLC) technique, considering the combined effects of slot, effusion and dilution holes. Experiments were carried out imposing three different effusion velocity ratios typical of modern engine working conditions (VReff = 3, 5, 7) and keeping constant slot flow parameters (VRsl = 1.1). CFD RANS calculations were also performed with the aim of better understanding interactions between coolant exiting from the slot and injected by effusion cooling rows. Numerical analysis revealed a large dependency on effusion velocity ratio. An in-house one-dimensional fluid network solver was finally used to compare experimental and numerical results with the ones predicted by correlations and then quantify the possibility of giving predictions. Both CFD and experimental results reveal that slot protection is reduced in the first rows by coolant injected with such high velocity ratios; nevertheless effusion, though in penetration regime, guarantees a significant effectiveness level in the more downstream region. Dilution hole alters the effectiveness growth rate, moreover leading to local protection lowering just after its injection.
Combined Effect of Slot Injection, Effusion Array and Dilution Hole on the Cooling Performance of a Real Combustor Liner
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Ceccherini, A, Facchini, B, Tarchi, L, Toni, L, & Coutandin, D. "Combined Effect of Slot Injection, Effusion Array and Dilution Hole on the Cooling Performance of a Real Combustor Liner." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B. Orlando, Florida, USA. June 8–12, 2009. pp. 1431-1440. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2009-60047
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