Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) solutions are currently being assessed in order to address appropriately the climate change challenge. Post-combustion CO2 capture is one of the technologies proposed for both coal-fired and gas-fired power plants. In Natural Gas Combined Cycle (NGCC), the flue gas is treated after the Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) in a so-called post-combustion CO2 capture module through use of solvents. The size of systems envisaged for the capture of CO2 scales with volumetric flow to be treated together with the CO2 concentration contained in the flue gas. Flue Gas Recirculation (FGR) is proposed as a means to increase CO2 concentration in the flue gas together with a net reduction of volumetric flow to be treated by the CO2 capture module. One of the limiting factors of this technology is the vitiation of air within gas turbine combustor and the associated reduction in oxygen concentration. This paper analyses the influence of air vitiation upon combustion in a generic premix lean industrial burner. Tests are carried out under representative inlet pressure and temperature levels. Variation of inlet oxidizer composition is simulated with the addition of nitrogen and carbon dioxide to the inlet air. It is observed that CO emission increases with oxygen depletion at a fixed residence time, signaling a reduction of combustion reactivity. In addition, NOx emission is shown to be sensitive to oxygen depletion. In order to mitigate reduction of combustion reactivity, hydrogen is added to the fuel, up to 20% in volume. As another alternative, a Catalytic Partial Oxidation (CPO) reactor is used in-situ in order to reform the fuel to different syngas blends. These syngas is then used as fuel, which enables the enhancement of the combustion reactivity counter-acting the impact of FGR conditions. The hydrogen addition appears to help improving the reactivity of the flame, making this concept relevant for operation under vitiated air condition.

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