This paper describes the effects on the mainstream flow of two types of cooling techniques in a transonic turbine stage: purge gas ejected out of the cavity between the stator rim and the rotor disk, as well as film cooling gas discharged from the rotor-platform. The tests were carried out in a full annular stage fed by a compression tube, at M2is = 1.1, Re = 1.1×106, and at temperature ratios reproducing engine conditions. The stator outlet was instrumented to allow the aerothermal characterization of the purge flow. The rotor blade was heavily instrumented with fast-response pressure sensors and double-layer thin film gauges. The tests are coupled with numerical calculations performed using the ONERA’s code elsA. The stator-rotor interaction is seen to be significantly affected by the stator-rim seal, both in terms of heat transfer and pressure fluctuations. The flow exchange between the rotor disk cavity and the mainstream passage is mainly governed by the vane shock patterns. The purge flow leads to the appearance of a large coherent vortex structure on the suction side of the blade which enhances the overall heat transfer coefficient due to the blockage effect created. Secondly, the impact of the platform cooling is observed to be restricted to the platform, with negligible effects on the blade suction side. The platform cooling results in a clear attenuation of pressure pulsations at some specific locations. Finally the turbine performance was analyzed, comparing measured and CFD results. A detailed loss breakdown analysis has been done using correlations, in order to isolate the different loss component contributions. The presented results should help designers improve the protection of the rotor platform and minimize the amount of coolant used.

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