The influence of the aerodynamic coupling in the forced response analysis of a HPC test-blisk is studied by means of a reduced order mechanical model. In the first step this equivalent blisk model (EBM) is derived based on a finite element analysis of the disk from design and an adjustment to experimentally determined blade alone frequencies in order to consider the real blade mistuning. Applying the EBM — so far not considering the air flow influence — to carry out forced response analyses due to a rotating excitation acting on the stationary blisk, a maximum blade displacement amplification of more than 50% has been calculated comparing the tuned and the mistuned blisk. Aiming at an additional consideration of the air flow, fully coupled computations of the fluid structure interaction (FSI) are exemplarily carried out for elastically supported blades in a cascade arrangement. The results are used to calibrate simple mass-spring-damper models from which quantities of additional aerodynamic elements in terms of a consideration of co-vibrating air masses, air stiffening and aerodynamic damping are derived. Based on this information the EBM is extended to a so called advanced EBM. Aerodynamic influences are considered assigning the aerodynamic properties to each blade in dependence on the inter blade phase angle (IBPA). Forced response analyses, now including all aerodynamic influences, show that for an extreme application of a rear blisk close to the combustion chamber and under MTO conditions a strong smoothing of originally localized vibration modes occurs. The maximum blade displacement amplification due to mistuning is decreased from more than 50% to below 12% for the first blade flap mode.
A Discrete Model to Consider the Influence of the Air Flow on Blade Vibrations of an Integral Blisk Compressor Rotor
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Beirow, B, Ku¨hhorn, A, & Schrape, S. "A Discrete Model to Consider the Influence of the Air Flow on Blade Vibrations of an Integral Blisk Compressor Rotor." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 5: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B. Berlin, Germany. June 9–13, 2008. pp. 381-392. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2008-50613
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