Most of the modern combustor’s designs use staged concepts for reducing thermal NO emissions. Usually, a combustion process takes place inside the main zone, which uses very lean premixed fuel/air mixtures. A diffusion pilot zone supports combustion process inside a lean main zone. Thermal NO formation process takes place predominantly inside hot diffusion flame. So, operation modes of pilot and main zones must be arranged to provide low NO emissions of pilot zone and maintain flame stability inside the main zone simultaneously. In this paper a concept of new turbulent model combustion model is presented. This model allows to model diffusion and premixed flames and takes into account various physical processes, which lead to flame destabilization. The model uses an equation for reaction progress variable. In the frameworks of considered approach this equation has three source terms. These terms are responsible for different conditions of combustion process: diffusion flames, premixed flames and distributed reaction zones. A proposed model was widely validated for different types of combustion chambers such as: 1) Bluff-body flameholder (lean premixed combustion: modeling of lean blow out); 2) Conventional diffusion regime of combustion chamber of gas turbine engine (modeling of flame stabilization and NO emissions); 3) Combined combustion regime of combustion chamber: burning process is inside pilot diffusion and main premixed zones (NO emissions and lean blow out limits for several operational modes). These tests had shown a good agreement of experimentally obtained data with results of simulations.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Modeling of Turbulent Combustion Process and Lean Blow Out Using Combined Approach
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Kutsenko, YG, Onegin, SF, & Gomzikov, LY. "Modeling of Turbulent Combustion Process and Lean Blow Out Using Combined Approach." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B. Berlin, Germany. June 9–13, 2008. pp. 197-208. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2008-50289
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