The paper describes experimental and numerical investigations of turbine vane clocking effects on the flow process in a two-stage turbine with low-aspect ratio stators. The data present clocking effects that can be observed both for local flow patterns and external characteristics for the entire machine in terms of efficiency. A low-aspect ratio and high turning create a highly three-dimensional flow that is dominated by secondary flows. The aim was to reduce the impact of the secondary flows by bowing the first stator vanes by means of different vane bending and the stator clocking. Another major objective was to show how wake trajectory features can be applied in a turbine design. The changes in the secondary flow structures of the first stator were performed by leaning and bowing the airfoils to achieve load reduction near end walls. This can lead to a weaker end wall secondary flow structures and lower losses. Bowed blades are nowadays often adopted for high-pressure gas and steam turbines. The results demonstrate that incoming interacting streamwise vortices have a major influence on the secondary flows and loss generation mechanisms of the downstream airfoil rows. Using the clocking concept, the secondary flow structures are forced to interact one with another at different positions of the stators. This procedure reveals the best nature of such interactions and shows the resulting benefits. The data acquired by clocking the upstream cascade can identify the effects of incoming vortices, particularly when they entering the leading edge regions of the downstream cascade airfoil. The results for this test indicate that the size and strength of the secondary flows for the downstream cascade should be lower than those obtained without interaction. It is apparent from these investigations that incoming stream-wise vortices may have a potential effect on the flow distribution for downstream airfoil rows. The first part of the paper presents results of the stator clocking identification for different geometries of the first stator. An introduction of the vane bowing has redesigned the first stator. The cylindrical version and two combinations of the bowed vanes with low and high curvature have been considered for the first stator. The authors have found that modified vanes produce smaller and weaker secondary flow structures. The second part presents experimental and numerical results of the clocking investigations for the above-mentioned versions. The experiments have shown that clocking effects seem to be related to the stator wake and vortex structures which produce low momentum fluid areas. These areas interact with boundary layers or secondary flow regions of the second stator where the fluid momentum is already low. Clocking effects on external flow parameter are analyzed versus the low momentum area trajectories due to the first stator vane bowing. The present work focuses on the structures that are formed downstream as a result of the exit flow field of the upstream stage, and examines the implication for efficiency improvement. This paper therefore deals with an interaction of complex three-dimensional stator-rotor flow structures in the two-stage axial turbine.

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