This paper investigates the dynamic behaviors of a geared rotor-bearing system mounted on viscoelastic supports under considerations of the gear eccentricity, excitation of the gear’s transmission error and the residual shaft bow. The finite element method is used to model the system and Lagrangian approach is applied to derive the system equations of motion. The coupling effect of lateral and torsional motions is considered in the system dynamic analysis. The investigated dynamic characteristics include system natural frequencies and steady-state response. The results show that the mass, the stiffness and the loss factor of the viscoelastic support will significantly affect system critical speeds and steady-state response. Larger loss factor and more rigid stiffness of the viscoelastic supports will suppress the systematic amplitude of resonance. Parameters, which include magnitude of the residual bow and phase angle, are also considered in the investigation of their effects on system critical speeds and steady-state response. Results show that they have tremendous influence on first critical speed when the geared system mounted on stiff viscoelastic supports. The transmission error of the gear mesh is assumed to be sinusoidal with tooth passing frequency and it will induce multiple low resonant frequencies in the system response. It is observed that the excited critical speed equals to the original critical speed divided by gear tooth number.

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