Intershaft rolling element bearings are commonly used in aero gas turbine rotors primarily to reduce the length of the engine as well as to avoid obstruction to gas flow path at the turbine end. In order to reduce cross-excitation between the LP and HP shafts of two spool rotor, researchers have proposed introduction of squeeze film in the inter shaft bearing. However, Inter Shaft Squeeze Film Damper (ISSFD) becomes unstable above a threshold operating speeds. In the present work, an improved ISSFD which is inherently stable, is analyzed and tested. It has two rolling element bearings, one each mounted on LP and HP rotor shafts. The two bearings are configured such that the squeeze film is formed between the two non rotating races/surfaces. A centralizing spring between the two races, and a supporting spring between the ground/frame and one of the non rotating races are provided. Two design modifications of this system are analyzed and tested experimentally. Experiments on an improvised two spool rotor setup under unbalance excitation are conducted for all the three designs of ISSFD. In theoretical simulations, various design parameters are varied over a wide range. Theoretical analysis as well as the experiments show that an optimum value of radial clearance exists for a given design to have maximum damping, and a damping ratio of the order of 10% and more is achievable in an ISSFD.

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