Modern gas and steam turbine components are subject to severe thermomechanical loads and extremely high temperature in order to provide increased performance and efficiency. Most high temperature turbine components are made of superalloys specifically developed for high temperature and high mechanical stress applications but at considerable cost. Defects may occur during manufacturing of superalloy castings as well as after service. Repair of these components, rather than replacement, helps to reduce the life cycle cost. Wide gap brazing is a cost effective and reliable means to repair gas turbine hot section components with defect sizes exceeding 0.3 mm. With proper control of the braze alloy and brazing cycle, the repaired region has been reported to posses mechanical properties approaching that of the parent materials. In order to further improve the mechanical properties of the repaired region and to explore the possibility of employing the wide gap brazing method to repair single crystal components in the future, three alloying additions, Ruthenium (Ru), Rhenium (Re) and yttria (Y2O3), were incorporated into the braze filler metal by mechanical alloying. The microstructures of the wide gap brazed joints with Ru, Re and yttria additions were studied and compared to a braze joint with standard wide gap braze alloys of IN738 and AWS BNi-9. It has been found that two types of borides formed in all braze alloys, namely eutectic γ-Ni-rich and boride phases and discrete boride containing primarily Cr and W (or Ru). The addition of Ru to the filler metal did not seem to modify the microstructural constituents after brazing. However, Ru partitioned strongly to the discrete borides. No isolated elemental Ru region was observed. On the other hand, Re addition was found to change the occurrence and distribution of both types of borides. The eutectic boride constituent was significantly reduced and finer discrete boride particles were observed. The addition of yttria did not change the boride formation but led to the generation of more voids in the brazed joint.

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