This paper presents the theoretical and experimental framework used to characterize the capability of premixers used in Dry Low Emission (DLE) gas turbines to dampen fuel-to-air ratio (FAR) oscillations and thus serve as a passive control device for combustion noise. Based on a convection-diffusion volume model, transfer function analysis in the frequency-domain was used to describe the interaction between convection and turbulent diffusion mechanisms. The study showed that the best achievable damping was obtained when the ratio of convection to turbulent diffusion effects (expressed in terms of Peclet number) was unity. For this particular condition, the spreading of Residence Time Distribution (RTD) is optimal hence decreasing the coherence between incoming and outgoing perturbations. For large Peclet numbers, mixing mechanisms are not sufficient to dampen incoming FAR fluctuations and for very small Peclet numbers FAR perturbations can be communicated almost instantaneously to the premixer outlet, without attenuation.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.