In this work a new soot formation model is used to predict temperature, species and soot concentrations in laminar ethylene-air diffusion flames. The gas-phase chemistry is described by elementary reactions with transport equations solved for any species. The chemical paths yielding to soot are modeled by a sectional approach for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). Soot dynamics is described by a two-equation model for soot mass fraction and particle number density. Phenomena like nucleation, growth and oxidation have been included both for PAHs and soot. Moreover, PAH-PAH and PAH-soot collisions are taken into account. Species, PAH and soot transport equations are implemented in the in-house DLR-THETA CFD code. The laminar, ethylene-air diffusion flame investigated experimentally by McEnally and coworkers (2000) is simulated in order to validate the model. An analysis of the main flame’s features as well as the interaction between them and the soot chemistry will be given. A qualitative correlation between local stoichiometric values and soot formation rate is assessed. In order to study the sensitivity of the combustion model to simulation parameters like the inlet temperature and kinetic mechanism, additional simulations are performed. Results are also compared with experimental data in terms of temperature, species mole fractions and soot volume fraction axial profiles.
Numerical Investigation of Soot Formation in Laminar Ethylene-Air Diffusion Flames
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Di Domenico, M, Gerlinger, P, & Aigner, M. "Numerical Investigation of Soot Formation in Laminar Ethylene-Air Diffusion Flames." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Turbo Expo 2007. Montreal, Canada. May 14–17, 2007. pp. 73-82. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2007-27118
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