We examine the effect of time-dependent forcing on jet-in-crossflow atomization in the case of pulsed liquid injection and uniform crossflow. The dynamics of the jet is captured by a numerical approach that blends interface tracking of the liquid surface with an empirical description of the atomization process. The unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations for the gas and the continuous (i.e., preceding breakup) liquid phase are solved simultaneously with the Lagrangian equations for the droplet trajectories. This approach captures the near field transient due to the opening (closing) of the fuel valve, as well as the convective delay of the spray in the far field. Validation is carried out with Phase Doppler Interferometry (PDI) and Mie scattering measurements at standard conditions for pulsed jets of water and ethanol in crossflow air. The discussion is focused on the shape of the convecting spray pulse and on the trends due to variations in crossflow and jet velocities.
Dynamics of Pulsed Jet in Crossflow
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Arienti, M, & Soteriou, MC. "Dynamics of Pulsed Jet in Crossflow." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Turbo Expo 2007. Montreal, Canada. May 14–17, 2007. pp. 629-640. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2007-27816
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