The paper presents generic simulation procedures for air-planes and aero-engines to support in-flight exhaust emission studies. They take a detailed account of the vehicle aerodynamics and performance as well as engine performance during typical flight missions. The procedures are coupled via lookup tables containing engine data for standard thrust settings. The models and their applicability to emission analysis were tested in a case study for a long-haul airliner with two large turbofans. The Boeing Method 2 fuel flow methodology [1] was selected as a test pollutants model. CO2 and H2O were found by directly linking them to the fuel flow via constant emission indexes. The case study first proved the accuracy of the airplane and engine models by matching available validation data. Secondly, it demonstrated the possibilities of evaluating exhaust emissions at different segments of a flight mission. Both emission profiles and the cumulative environmental footprint of the mission were estimated. The paper concludes by applying the models for the analysis of engine exhaust under varying flight conditions and engine deterioration. This can be used as a tool for optimizing operational procedures for emission reduction and assessing the environmental performance of an aging fleet.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.