This paper presents measured frequency dependent stiffness and damping coefficients for 12 and 8 bladed pocket damper seals (PDS) subdivided into 4 different seal configurations. Rotating experimental test are presented for inlet pressures at 69 bar (1,000 psi), a frequency excitation range of 20–300 Hz, and rotor speeds up to 20,200 rpm. The testing method used to determine direct and cross-coupled force coefficients was the mechanical impedance method, which required the measurement of external shaker forces, system accelerations, and motion in two orthogonal directions. In addition to the impedance measurements, dynamic pressure responses were measured for individual seal cavities of the 8 bladed PDS. Results of the frequency dependent force coefficients for the 4 PDS designs are compared. The conclusions of the test show that the 8 bladed PDS possessed significantly more positive direct damping and negative direct stiffness than the 12 bladed seal. The results from the dynamic pressure response tests show that the diverging clearance design strongly influences the dynamic pressure phase and force density of the seal cavities. The tests also revealed the measurement of same-sign cross-coupled (cross-axis) stiffness coefficients for all seals, which indicate that the seals do not produce a de-stabilizing influence on rotor-bearing systems.

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