Gas turbine gas path diagnostics is heavily dependent on performance simulation models accurate enough around a chosen diagnostic operating point, such as design operating point. With current technology, gas turbine engine performance can be predicted easily with thermodynamic models and computer codes together with basic engine design data and empirical component information. However the accuracy of the prediction is highly dependent on the quality of those engine design data and empirical component information such as component characteristic maps but such expensive information is normally exclusive property of engine manufacturers and only partially disclosed to engine users. Alternatively, estimated design data and assumed component information are used in the performance prediction. Yet, such assumed component information may not be the same as those of real engines and therefore poor off-design performance prediction may be produced. This paper presents an adaptive method to improve the accuracy of off-design performance prediction of engine models near engine design point or other points where detailed knowledge is available. A novel definition of off-design scaling factors for the modification of compressor maps is developed. A Genetic Algorithm is used to search the best set of scaling factors in order to adapt the predicted off-design engine performance to observed engine off-design performance. As the outcome of the procedure, new compressor maps are produced and more accurate prediction of off-design performance is provided. The proposed off-design performance adaptation procedure is applied to a model civil aero engine to test the effectiveness of the adaptive approach. The results show that the developed adaptive approach, if properly applied, has great potential to improve the accuracy of engine off-design performance prediction in the vicinity of engine design point although it does not guarantee the prediction accuracy in the whole range of off-design conditions. Therefore, such adaptive approach provides an alternative method in producing good engine performance models for gas turbine gas path diagnostic analysis.

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