High fogging (wet compression, spray inter-cooling) is a technology used for gas turbine (GT) power augmentation. By evaporative spray inter-cooling of the air during compression, which is the main physical effect associated with the HF, a 5–7% power boost of the GT (for each percent of injected water per mass of air) is achieved. HF of a gas turbine can be accomplished using different spray technologies. In this study three different, commercially available spray technologies — pressure-swirl, hot water injection and air-assisted atomization — are compared regarding both technical and economical benefits and risks. The comparison is based on droplet sizing results, system complexity, the feasibility of system integration into the GT’s control and plant operation concept, GT performance and operational and additional O&M costs. It is also known that high fogging carries certain risks to the safe operation of a GT, such as compressor blades erosion, reduction in compressor surge margin and cooling airflows. To minimize the negative impact of high fogging, it is therefore important to select the most appropriate high fogging system as well as to provide for its full engine integration.

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