CFD experiments were conducted for heat transfer with jet impingement over solid surfaces. The parameters include: 1) Jet Reynolds number from 3,000 to 23,000, 2) Jet-to-target-plate spacing (z/d), from 2 to 14 (single jet), d is jet diameter, 3) Target plate shape: 3a) flat, 3b) concave, 3c) convex, (single jet), 4) One row of seven jets impinging on a flat surface, the channel has one end closed (at 24d away from the most upstream jet axis), 5) Three rows of seven jets each in-line arrangement impinging on a flat surface, the channel has one end closed (at 24d away from the most upstream jet axis). Four CFD models (utilizing FLUENT commercial code) have been considered: 1) laminar flow (no turbulent transport), and turbulent flow with turbulence modeling by 2) the standard k–ε model, 3) the k–ω model, and 4) the v2f model. The predictions of Nu number for each case were compared with experimental data available from the literature. It is shown that the v2f model gives the best overall performance, though the k–ω model gives good predictions for most of the flow, with the exception of near the stagnation zone for some cases. The models are in much better agreement (with the data) as z/d grows and at larger radial locations from the jet axis, as expected. For multiple jets in one row (z/d = 2), again the v2f showed the best overall agreement with the experimental data. The k–ω model is not as good while k–ε clearly overpredicts the Nusselt numbers. For multiple jets in three inline rows (z/d = 5), all the three models were in overall agreement with the experimental data. However, k–ε and k–ω exhibit an important phenomenon, reported by the experiments: a decrease of the stagnation Nu from the upstream jet to the downstream ones. The v2f model did not reproduce this feature.

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