Numerical predictions of a hydrodynamic and thermally developed turbulent flow are presented for a unit period of a stationary duct with square ribs aligned at 45° to the main flow direction. The rib height to channel hydraulic diameter (e/Dh) is 0.375 and the rib pitch to rib height (P/e) is 10. The domain under consideration is a rectangular passage of aspect ratio 1:2.5 with 45° ribs on the top and bottom walls arranged in a staggered fashion. The computations are carried out for a bulk Re of 27,000. The rib geometry introduces a strong secondary flow along the rib. A large helical vortex develops behind the rib which breaks down before it reaches the outer wall. This results in higher heat transfer at the inner wall as compared to the outer wall, which is in contrast to the trend observed in a square channel with low blockage ribs. In a square duct with low blockage ribs the secondary flow has two counter-rotating cells which do not change direction through the channel. However in this case only one rotating cell is observed in this case, which changes direction as it passes over successive ribs. The average friction and the heat transfer augmentation ratios are consistent with the experimental results [1], predicting values within 15% of the measured quantities.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.