This paper describes measurements of the dependence of lean blowout limits upon fuel composition for H2/CO/CH4 mixtures. Blowout limits were obtained at fixed approach flow velocity, reactant temperature, and combustor pressure at several conditions up to 4.4 atm and 470 K inlet reactants temperature. Consistent with prior studies, these results indicate that the percentage of H2 in the fuel dominates the mixture blowoff characteristics. That is, flames can be stabilized at lower equivalence ratios, adiabatic flame temperatures, and laminar flame speeds with increasing H2 percentage. Various methods of correlating these data were evaluated, using combinations of Lewis number (Lemix), adiabatic flame temperature (Tad), flame speed (SL), and chemical time (τchem). These correlations clearly indicate the significance of the mixture diffusivity, heat content, and flame propagation speed upon blowout characteristics across a wide fuel spectrum. Two basic models of flame stabilization discussed in the literature were evaluated — a well-stirred reactor based approach that considers the ratio of chemical and flow times, and a propagative mechanism that considers the ratio of flame and flow speed. Both mechanisms were able to correlate some, but not all segments of the data set.
Characterization of Fuel Composition Effects in H2/CO/CH4 Mixtures Upon Lean Blowout
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Zhang, Q, Noble, DR, Meyers, A, Xu, K, & Lieuwen, T. "Characterization of Fuel Composition Effects in H2/CO/CH4 Mixtures Upon Lean Blowout." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Turbo Expo 2005. Reno, Nevada, USA. June 6–9, 2005. pp. 657-668. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2005-68907
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