The effect of turbulence on chemical reactions is known to be important in many gas turbine combustor applications. There are only a few established models that can capture turbulence-combustion interaction in CFD codes, and all of these models are either very expensive (e.g. Monte Carlo PDF model) or limited in what types of flames can be analyzed (e.g. laminar flamelet). Assumed PDF models have been a popular choice because they are inexpensive and can handle all flame types (e.g. diffusion, premixed and partially premixed). However, assumed PDF models are typically restricted to single, one-step global mechanisms; or are a function of species and quickly become computationally expensive. CFD Research Corporation has recently developed and validated a new assumed PDF turbulence chemistry interaction model for multi-step chemistry. The model adopts an assumed, two-variable joint-PDF to model a wide-range of turbulent reacting flows. The two variables defining the PDF are the mixture fraction and reaction progress, representing species diffusion and flame propagation. A significant advantage of this new approach is its wide range of applicability for premixed, diffusion, and partially premixed flames. Allowing more detailed chemistry for species and combustion predictions enables complex chemical reaction processes including pollutant formation, flame ignition, and flame quenching to be studied. The model is also computationally efficient, with only a minor increase in computational expense with either species or number of global reaction steps. The newly developed model was first validated using a diffusion flame from a piloted burner developed at the University of Sydney. Three different methane bulk jet velocities were used to investigate the model’s behavior on turbulent diffusion flames. Simulation data were compared with the experimental measurements and the simulation results performed by Pope (Masri and Pope, 1990) using a velocity-composition joint PDF transport equation solved by the Monte Carlo method. To validate the model on premixed flames, the data of Moreau et al. (Moreau et al., 1974, 1976, 1977) were used. Data were collected on a mixing layer stabilized burner, where the main flow into the combustor was a premixed mixture of methane and air. Parallel to the main stream, a pilot stream of hot combustion products at 2000 K was injected for flame stabilization. The results demonstrate the wide applicability of the new model for practical, turbulent combustion applications.

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