In this paper an alternative to so-called ‘oxy-fuel’ combustion has been evaluated. Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) is an innovative concept of CO2 capture from combustion of fossil fuels in power plants. CLC is closely related to oxy-fuel combustion as the chemically bound oxygen reacts in a stoichiometric ratio with the fuel. In CLC, the overall combustion takes place in two steps. In a reduction reactor fuel is oxidised by the oxygen carrier i.e. the metal oxide MeO which is reduced to metal oxide with a lower oxidation number, Me. Me flows to an oxidation reactor where it is oxidised by oxygen in the air. In this way pure oxygen is supplied to fuel without using an energy intensive traditional air separation unit. This paper presents thermodynamic cycle analysis of a CLC-power plant. A steady-state model has been developed for the solid-gas reactions occurring in the reactor system. The model is applied to analyse the system under two configurations; a combined cycle and a conventional steam cycle. A turbine-cooling model has also been implemented to evaluate the turbine cooling penalty in the combined cycle configuration. Effects of exhaust recirculation for coking prevention and incomplete fuel conversion have also been investigated. Performance of the oxygen carrier has been idealised except for the degrees of reduction and oxidation. Energy needs for CO2 capture have properly been taken into account. The results show that an optimum efficiency of 49.7% can be achieved under given conditions with a CLC-combined cycle at zero emissions level. With turbine cooling, efficiency falls by 1.2% points under the same conditions. The CLC-steam cycle is capable of achieving 40.1% efficiency with zero emissions. The results show that CLC has high potential for power generation with inherent CO2 capture. This work will be useful in designing CLC systems after the reactor system has been analysed experimentally for long-term operations.

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