A hybrid-type noise control method is applied to fundamental and higher-order blade-passing frequency components, abbreviated to BPF components, radiated from a centrifugal blower. An active cancellation of the BPF noise source is conducted based on a detailed investigation of the noise source distribution by using correlation analysis. The sound pressure level of 2nd- and/or 3rd-order BPF can be reduced by more than 15 decibels and discrete tones almost eliminate from the power spectra of blower-radiated noise. On the other hand, the sound pressure level of the fundamental BPF is difficult to reduce effectively by the active cancellation method because of the large amplitude of the noise source fluctuation. However, the fundamental BPF is largely influenced by the frequency-response characteristics of the noise transmission passage, and is passively reduced by appropriate adjusting of the inlet duct length. Simultaneous reduction of BPF noise, therefore, can be easily made possible by applying passive and active control methods on the fundamental and higher-order BPF noise, respectively. We also discuss the distribution pattern of BPF noise sources by numerical simulation of flow fields around the scroll cutoff.
Noise Reduction of Blade-Passing Frequency Components in a Centrifugal Blower
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Ohta, Y, & Outa, E. "Noise Reduction of Blade-Passing Frequency Components in a Centrifugal Blower." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2004, Parts A and B. Vienna, Austria. June 14–17, 2004. pp. 1705-1714. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2004-53302
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