Forced mixers are used to improve the performance (thrust and SFC) and to reduce jet-mixing noise of turbofan engines. Therefore every effort has been made to enhance the mixing from forced exhaust mixers. A lobed type of forced mixer induces rapid mixing by enhancing the streamwise vorticity and increasing the interfacial area. Lobed mixer effectiveness can be further enhanced through the introduction of smaller scale mixing devices. For the design of these mixing devices it is important to keep in mind, that the devices have to produce smaller scale vorticity, but with an acceptable pressure loss. Several investigations have been reported on mixing enhancement in a plane shear layer and in wake flows using tabs. One important result was that each tab produces a dominant pair of counter-rotating streamwise vortices with a rotational direction opposite to that of the vortices generated by the induced upstream stagnation field (horseshoe vortex). Due to the high relevance for many engineering applications such as for the mixing processes behind lobed exhaust mixers in turbojet engines, the present investigation also considers skewed streams with delta tabs. In an attempt to explain the basic flow behaviour downstream of a mixing device in a constant skewed stream, qualitative and quantitative measurements have been carried out. The experiments are carried out in a low-speed test facility, which generates a two-stream skewed flow at different angles. This investigation considers the evolution of coherent structures and the characteristic flow field of parallel and skewed streams generated by mixing devices in the form of delta tabs (triangular-shaped tabs with their apex leaning downstream). Later on the results of this study are to be applied to the design of mixing devices introduced on a lobed mixer. One significant result of these experimental investigations in skewed streams is that each tab generates a pair of counter-rotating streamwise vortices with the same rotational direction as in the unskewed stream, but both vortices are not equally strong. This is caused by the fact that the pressure field ceases to be symmetric upstream of the tab. Farther downstream, the wake flow appears to be wrapped around the stronger vortex.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.