The effects of wake passing on the development of the profile boundary layer of a highly loaded low-pressure turbine cascade are studied using the RANS code TRACE-U. The numerical results are compared with available experimental data to verify the accuracy of the code in predicting the periodic-unsteady transition and separation mechanisms at low Reynolds number conditions. The experimental investigations have been carried out on a turbine cascade called T106D-EIZ subjected to wakes generated by an up-stream moving bar-type generator. The cascade pitch was increased by about 30% with respect to design conditions without modifying the blade geometry in order to obtain a large separation bubble on the suction surface. The extensive database containing time-averaged as well as time-resolved results was presented in a separate paper by Stadtmu¨ller and Fottner (2001) and is discussed only briefly. The time-accurate multistage Navier-Stokes solver TRACE-U developed by the DLR Cologne used for the numerical simulations employs a modified version of the one-equation Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model coupled with a transition correlation based on the work of Abu-Ghannam and Shaw in the formulation of Drela. The objective of this paper is to provide further insight into the aerodynamics of the wake-induced transition process and to rate the application limits of the numerical approach for exit Reynolds numbers as low as 60.000. The CFD predictions for two different flow conditions are compared with the measurements. Plots of wall-shear stress, blade loading, shape factor and loss behaviour are used to verify the reliability of the code. The periodic-unsteady development of the boundary layer as well as the loss behaviour is well reproduced for higher Reynolds numbers. For the case with massive separation, large discrepancies between numerical and experimental results are observed.

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