State-of-the-art experimental and computational techniques are used to study film cooling on the suction and pressure surfaces of a modern turbine blade under realistic engine conditions. Measured data and predicted results are compared for coolant jets injected through a row of three fundamentally different configurations: (1) Compound-angle round (CAR) holes; (2) Axial shaped holes (ASH); and (3) Compound-angle shaped holes (CASH). Experiments employ a single-passage cascade for validation-quality adiabatic film effectiveness measurements using a gas analysis technique. Computations use a novel combination of geometry and grid generation techniques, discretization scheme, turbulence modeling, and numerical solvers to evaluate a “best practice” standard for use in the gas turbine industry. The gridding procedure uses a super-block, multi-topology, unstructured/adaptive, non-conformal, near-wall resolved mesh to accurately capture all of the mean flow features of the 3-D jet-in-crossflow interaction. The effects of blowing ratio (M) are examined, with M = 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 on the suction surface and M = 1.5, 3.0, and 4.5 on the pressure surface. All simulations are run with a density ratio of 1.52. The simulations model the three-way coupling between a transonic blade passage flow, subsonic film-hole flow, and creeping plenum flow; high pressure gradients; high rates of curvature; and large strain-rates found in actual engines. Computed results are compared to experimental data in terms of aerodynamic loading and spanwise-averaged adiabatic effectiveness on the blade surfaces in order to validate the computational methodology for this class of problems and to explain the mechanisms responsible for the performance of CAR, ASH, and CASH configurations.

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