In order to close the gap in knowledge concerning the influence of periodic unsteady inflow conditions on the mixing process of film cooling jets, time resolved flow velocities and turbulent fluctuations in the injection zone of a linear large scale high pressure turbine cascade with leading edge film cooling were measured by means of the 3D hot-wire anemometry. The periodic impinging wakes are generated by a wake generator consisting of moving bars upstream of the cascade inlet plane. Near the stagnation point the blades are equipped with one row of film cooling holes on the suction side and one row on the pressure side. Mach number and Reynolds number are set to values typically found in modern gas turbines. At a density ratio of unity the blowing ratio is set to M = 0.7 and the Strouhal number is set to Sr = 0.31. The general flow structures which were determined by the steady state measurements — i.e. normal jet in cross flow behavior with the kidney shape vortex on the suction side and a second counter rotating pair of vortices underneath the kidney vortex on the pressure side — have been detected by the unsteady measurements as well. The large recirculation zone behind the pressure side injection hole, caused by the strong adverse pressure gradient and the lift off of the coolant jet, is not suppressed by the passing wakes but rather reinforced promoting potential hot spots in this area. The suction side coolant jet has almost disappeared when the wake leaves the suction side region. It undergoes a recovery process until the next wake hits again on the suction side.
An Experimental Investigation on the Influence of Periodic Unsteady Inflow Conditions on Leading Edge Film Cooling
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Wolff, S, Fottner, L, & Ardey, S. "An Experimental Investigation on the Influence of Periodic Unsteady Inflow Conditions on Leading Edge Film Cooling." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. June 3–6, 2002. pp. 401-409. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2002-30202
Download citation file: