The relatively innovative gas turbine based power cycles R-ATR and R-REF (Recuperative – Auto Thermal Reforming GT cycle and Recuperative – Reforming GT cycle) here proposed, are mainly aimed to allow the upstream CO2 removal by the natural gas fuel reforming. The 2nd part of the paper is dedicated to the R-REF cycle: the power unit is a Gas Turbine (GT), fuelled with reformed and CO2 cleaned gas, obtained by the addition of several sections to the simple GT cycle, mainly: • Reformer section (REF), where the reforming reactions of methane fuel with steam are accomplished: the necessary heat is supplied partially by the exhausts cooling and, partially, with a post–combustion. • Water Gas Shift Reactor (WGSR), where the reformed fuel is, shifted into CO2 and H2 with the addition of water. • CO2 removal unit for the CO2 capture from the reformed and shifted fuel. No water condensing section is adopted for the R-REF configuration. Between the main components, several heat recovery units are applied, together with GT Cycle recuperator, compressor intercooler and steam injection into the combustion chamber. The CO2 removal potential is close to 90% with chemical absorption by an accurate choice of amine solution blend: the heat demand for amine regeneration is completely self-sustained by the power cycle. The possibility of applying steam blade cooling (the steam is externally added) has been investigated: in these conditions, the RREF has shown efficiency levels close to 43–44%. High values of specific work have been observed as well (around 450–500 kJ/kg). The efficiency is slightly lower than that found for the R–ATR solution, and 2–3% lower than CRGTs with CO2 removal and steam bottoming cycle, not internally recuperated. If compared with these, the R-REF offers higher simplicity due to absence of the steam cycle, and can be regarded as an improvement to the simple GT. In this way, at least 5–6 points efficiency can be gained, together with high levels of CO2 removal. The effects of the reformed fuel gas composition, temperature and pressure on the amine absorption system for the CO2 removal have been investigated, showing the beneficial effects of increasing pressure (i.e. pressure ratio) on the specific heat demand.

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