Inlet fogging of gas turbine engines has attained considerable popularity due to the ease of installation and the relatively low first cost compared to other inlet cooling methods. With increasing demand for power and with shortages envisioned especially during the peak load times during the summers, there is a need to boost gas turbine power. There is a sizable evaporative cooling potential throughout the world when the climatic data is evaluated based on an analysis of coincident wet bulb and dry bulb information. This data is not readily available to plant users. In this paper, a detailed climatic analysis is made of 122 locations in the US to provide the hours of cooling that can be obtained by direct evaporative cooling. This data will allow gas turbine operators to easily make an assessment of the economics of evaporative cooling. The paper also covers an introduction to direct evaporative cooling and the methodology and data analysis used to derive the cooling potential in different regions of the US. Simulation runs have been made for gas turbine simple cycles using a reference plant based on a GE Frame 7111EA gas turbine at the 122 locations studied in the US to provide a feel for the sensitivity of operation with inlet fogging.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Inlet Fogging of Gas Turbine Engines: Detailed Climatic Analysis of Gas Turbine Evaporative Cooling Potential
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Chaker, M, Meher-Homji, CB, Mee, T, III, & Nicolson, A. "Inlet Fogging of Gas Turbine Engines: Detailed Climatic Analysis of Gas Turbine Evaporative Cooling Potential." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. June 4–7, 2001. V003T03A016. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/2001-GT-0526
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