A 3D, viscous, time-accurate code has been used to predict the time-dependent flowfield in a transonic turbine stage. Two analytical techniques are used to understand the unsteady physics. One technique takes into account interaction effects associated with reflected waves bouncing between blade rows while the other neglects them. Both techniques model the exact blade counts using phase-lag boundary conditions. The analytical techniques are validated by comparing to unsteady pressure measurements which have been made on the vane and blade surfaces at midspan. The analytical results are then used to understand the importance of interaction effects when the blade rows are close-coupled and when they are more widely spaced. The results show that interaction effects must be taken into account in order to accurately predict the unsteady loading on the upstream blade row. However, for the downstream blade row, interaction effects are second order and do not routinely need to be taken into account in the design process.

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