This paper presents an iterative method for determining the resonant speed shift when non-linear friction dampers are included in turbine blade roots. Such a need arises when conducting response calculations for turbine blades where the unsteady aerodynamic excitation must be computed at the exact resonant speed of interest. The inclusion of friction dampers is known to raise the resonant frequencies by up to 20% from the standard assembly frequencies. The iterative procedure uses a viscous, time-accurate flow representation for determining the aerodynamic forcing, a look-up table for evaluating the aerodynamic boundary conditions at any speed, and a time-domain friction damping module for resonance tracking. The methodology was applied to an HP turbine rotor test case where the resonances of interest were due to the 1T and 2F blade modes under 40 engine-order excitation. The forced response computations were conducted using a multi-stage approach in order to avoid errors associated with “linking” single stage computations since the spacing between the two bladerows was relatively small. Three friction damper elements were used for each rotor blade. To improve the computational efficiency, the number of rotor blades was decreased by 2 to 90 in order to obtain a stator/rotor blade ratio of 4/9. However, the blade geometry was skewed in order to match the capacity (mass flow rate) of the components and the condition being analysed. Frequency shifts of 3.2% and 20.0% were predicted for the 1T/40EO and 2F/40EO resonances in about 3 iterations. The predicted frequency shifts and the dynamic behaviour of the friction dampers were found to be within the expected range. Furthermore, the measured and predicted blade vibration amplitudes showed a good agreement, indicating that the methodology can be applied to industrial problems.

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