In this work, X-ray computed tomographic imaging technology with high spatial resolution has been explored for metrological applications to Si3N4 ceramic turbine wheels. X-ray computed tomography (XCT) data were acquired by a charge-coupled device detector coupled to an image intensifier. Cone-beam XCT reconstruction algorithms were used to allow full-volume data acquisition from the turbine wheels. Special software was developed so that edge detection and complex blade contours could be determined from the XCT data. The feasibility of using the XCT for dimensional analyses was compared with that of a coordinate-measuring machine (CMM). Details of the XCT system, data acquisition, and dimensional comparisons will be presented. Comparison between XCT and CMM dimensions shows that the 3D XCT data have an accuracy of ± 0.2 mm in all three axis whereas the CMM data have an accuracy of ± 0.5 mm in the horizontal plane and ± 0.025 mm in the vertical plane.

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