In this study a dynamic model of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system has been developed. The work has been conducted in a cooperation between the Department of Energy Sciences, Lund University, and Modelon AB using the Modelica language and the Dymola modeling and simulation tool. Modelica is an equation based, object oriented modeling language, which promotes flexibility and reuse of code. The objective of the study is to investigate the suitability of the Modelica language for dynamic fuel cell system modeling. A cell electrolyte model including ohmic, activation and concentration irreversibilities is implemented and verified against simulations and experimental data presented in the open literature. A 1D solid oxide fuel cell model is created by integrating the electrolyte model and a 1D fuel flow model, which includes dynamic internal steam reforming of methane and water-gas shift reactions. Several cells are then placed with parallel flow paths and connected thermally and electrically in series. By introducing a manifold pressure drop, a stack model is created. The stack model is applied in a complete system including an autothermal reformer, a catalytic after-burner, a steam generator and heat exchangers. Four reactions are modeled in the autothermal reformer; two types of methane steam reforming, the water-gas shift reaction and total combustion of methane. The simulation results have been compared with those in the literature and it can be concluded that the models are accurate and that Dymola and Modelica are tools well suited for simulations of the transient fuel cell system behaviour.

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