The fuel cell, which is a highly promising candidate for high efficiency energy conversion, is not reaching expected conversion efficiencies of η > 0,5 yet. Parallel to standard explanations of loss mechanisms by means of overvoltages, a thermodynamic view of addressing irreversibilities by calculating local entropy production rates is helpful. Entropy production rates are calculated by multiplying local transport fluxes with appropriate driving forces, i.e., gradients of temperature, chemical potentials and electric potentials. These gradients have to be calculated by solving the set of constitutive balance equations. Before this tedious task is done, simplified model equations have to be used. The reversible fuel cell is the starting point of analysis. Results for a one-dimensional PEMFC are shown.
- Nanotechnology Institute
Thermodynamic View on the Loss Mechanisms in PEM-Fuel Cells
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Kabelac, S, & Siemer, M. "Thermodynamic View on the Loss Mechanisms in PEM-Fuel Cells." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 3rd International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. 3rd International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA. May 23–25, 2005. pp. 405-411. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FUELCELL2005-74071
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