A novel method was developed to prepare fine doped ceria (DCO) powders directly. Ceria doped with 20 mol. % of samarium (Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9, SDC) was prepared by in-situ oxidization of hydroxide precipitates with H2O2 in the solutions. The resultant powder desiccated at 85°C overnight was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry /differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The XRD pattern showed that the as-dried SDC powder is single phase with a cubic fluorite structure like that of pure CeO2. An anode-supported SOFC was also fabricated based on SDC and 20wt. % (62mol. %Li2CO3–38 mol. %K2CO3) composite electrolyte, LiNiO2 as cathode and NiO as anode, by cold pressing. Using hydrogen as the fuel and air as the oxidant, the I-V and I-P characteristics exhibit excellent performances and the maximum power densities are about 696, 469, 377 and 240 mWcm−2 at 650, 600, 550 and 500°C, respectively.
- Nanotechnology Institute
Direct Preparation of Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 Powders Oxidized With H2O2 for Low Temperature SOFCs Application
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Huang, J, Mao, Z, Zhu, B, Yang, L, Peng, R, & Gao, R. "Direct Preparation of Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 Powders Oxidized With H2O2 for Low Temperature SOFCs Application." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 3rd International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. 3rd International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA. May 23–25, 2005. pp. 295-298. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FUELCELL2005-74027
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