This paper describes an overview of the present status of the conventional hydrogen production technologies and some of the recent developments in the production of hydrogen using solar energy resources. It was found that conversion of fossil fuels and biomass, electrolysis of water using solar and wind energy, and direct solar conversion by thermochemical means are some of the most significant methods of H2 production. The technological status and economic analysis for commercial and near commercial technologies using renewable energy sources such as electrolysis using PV and solar thermal power, photochemical and photoelectrochemical hydrogen production, direct thermal decomposition of water, thermochemical cycles, and biological hydrogen production are outlined. Although fossil fuels are currently the least expensive and most widely used sources of hydrogen production, it is argued from an economic analysis that renewable sources of hydrogen are the most promising options for the future. Further, solar hydrogen becomes a storable fuel that is produced from this non-storable and intermittent source of energy.
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A Review of Hydrogen Production Technologies
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Goswami, DY, Mirabal, ST, Goel, N, & Ingley, HA. "A Review of Hydrogen Production Technologies." Proceedings of the ASME 2003 1st International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. 1st International Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference. Rochester, New York, USA. April 21–23, 2003. pp. 61-74. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FUELCELL2003-1701
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