The efficiency of an axial piston pump or motor is dominated by the volumetric and torque losses of the three main lubricating interfaces (piston/cylinder, cylinder block/valve plate, and slipper/swash plate). The research study in this paper only focuses on the cylinder block/valve plate interface. The goal of this research is to investigate a novel approach for scaling the cylinder block/valve plate interface to have the same percentage of volumetric and torque losses of the baseline interface. To achieve this research goal, many design parameters influencing the performance of the interface are investigated. An in-house developed fluid structure and thermal interaction model was used to analyze the cylinder block/valve plate interface including the resulting parts temperature, the parts elastic deformation due to pressure and thermal load, the fluid film properties and resulting energy dissipation, friction torque, and leakage of cylinder block/valve plate interfaces. This model is utilized to simulate the cylinder block/valve plate interface performance of different sizes of the displacement units. In this paper, the displacement volume of the biggest unit is sixty-four times larger than the smallest unit. The computational study reveals the design parameters influencing the elastic deformations of the solid parts and the energy dissipation and stability of the fluid film in cylinder block/valve plate interface of different sizes. Based on these investigations, a novel scaling approach to scale the cylinder block/valve plate interface is discussed.

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