There are the problems in the traditional pressure-compensation flow-control valve, such as low flow control accuracy, small flow control difficulty, and limited flow range. For this, a method of continuous control pressure drop Δprated (i.e. the pressure drop across the main throttling orifice) to control flow-control valve flow is proposed. The precise control of small flow is realized by reducing the pressure drop Δprated and the flow range is amplified by increasing pressure drop Δprated. At the same time, it can also compensate the flow force to improve the flow control accuracy by regulating the pressure drop Δprated. In the research, the flow-control valve with controllable pressure compensation capability (FVCP) was designed firstly and theoretically analyzed. Then the sub-model model of PPRV and the joint simulation model of the FVCP were established and verified through experiments. Finally, the continuous control characteristics of pressure drop Δprated, the flow characteristics, and flow force compensation were studied. The research results demonstrate that, compared with the traditional flow-control valve, the designed FVCP can adjust the compensation pressure difference in the range of 0∼3.4 MPa in real-time. And the flow rate can be altered within the range of 44%∼136% of the rated flow. By adjusting the compensation pressure difference to compensate the flow force, the flow control accuracy of the multi-way valve is improved, and the flow force compensation effect is obvious.

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