This work introduces a new way to control hydraulic cylinder velocity using an inlet metering pump system to control the hydraulic flow entering the cylinder. The inlet metering system consists of a fixed displacement pump and an inlet metering valve that adjusts the hydraulic fluid flow entering the pump as required. The energy losses associated with flow metering in the system are reduced because the pressure drop across the inlet metering valve can be arbitrarily small. The fluid is supplied to the inlet metering valve at a fixed pressure using a charge pump. A velocity control system is designed using the inlet metering system as means to control the fluid flow to a hydraulic cylinder. In addition to the inlet metering system, the velocity control system designed in this work includes a four-way directional valve to set the fluid flow direction according to the desired direction of the hydraulic cylinder velocity. Open-loop and closed-loop proportional and proportional derivative (P and PD) controllers are designed. Designs with the goals of stability and performance of the system are studied so that a precise and smooth velocity control system for the hydraulic cylinder is achieved. In addition to potentially high efficiency of this system, there is potential for other benefits including low cost, fast response, and less complicated dynamics compared to other systems. The results presented in this work show that the inlet metering velocity control system can be designed so that the system is stable, there is zero overshoot and no oscillation.
- Fluid Power Systems and Technology Division
Design of a Velocity Control System Using an Inlet Metered Pump
Ali, HH, Fales, RC, & Manring, ND. "Design of a Velocity Control System Using an Inlet Metered Pump." Proceedings of the ASME/BATH 2017 Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control. ASME/BATH 2017 Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control. Sarasota, Forida, USA. October 16–19, 2017. V001T01A055. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FPMC2017-4310
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