This paper presents the design and dynamic model of a novel “controlled Stirling power unit” with an independently controlled displacer piston. Breaking the coupling traditionally seen in Stirling devices between the power piston and the displacer piston, realized either kinematically or dynamically, allows an additional control degree of freedom that can be used to shape the thermodynamic cycle independent of the load. The device presented combines such a controlled Stirling engine (called a pressurizer) with a power extraction unit. The dynamic models of three different power extraction units are presented. The dynamic model builds on a previous experimentally validated first-principles model of a Stirling pressurizer. The model is a lumped parameter compressible fluid power dynamic model that captures the pressure dynamics of the high pressure helium working fluid as it is affected in time by volume, mass and heat flux changes. The dynamic model of a pressurizer combined with a linear electric generator is used to study different displacer motion profiles with regard to the shape of the thermodynamic cycle, and the effect on the power output and efficiency of the device.

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