Oil stiction forces significantly influence the performance of fast switching valves. These forces stem from the significant lowering of the pressures between two oil filled plates relative to the surrounding pressure when the plates are quickly separated. If the pressure in the gap stays above the vapor pressure the stiction force can be derived from a solution of the Reynolds equation.
However, for very fast motions — as occur in fast switching valves with a flat armature solenoid — cavitation is most likely to occur. The cavitation zone starts in central parts of the gap and extends as long as the gap volume increase cannot be fully compensated by the flow in the gap. Cavitation reduces the stiction force significantly. In many valves this stiction force reduction is decisive for a proper functioning of the valve.
An important measure for stiction force control are flushing channels, in particular flushing bores. In this paper analytical models and Finite Volume method models are used to study the stiction force problems with and without cavitation and design measures for their mastering.