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Keywords: Cavitation
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Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. FEDSM2021, Volume 3: Fluid Mechanics; Micro and Nano Fluid Dynamics; Multiphase Flow, V003T08A032, August 10–12, 2021
Paper No: FEDSM2021-65501
...Abstract Abstract This study experimentally investigates the statistics of wall-pressure fluctuations and their source inside attached cavitation under different cavity regimes. Experiments were conducted in the divergent section of a convergent-divergent channel at a constant Reynolds number...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. FEDSM2021, Volume 3: Fluid Mechanics; Micro and Nano Fluid Dynamics; Multiphase Flow, V003T08A031, August 10–12, 2021
Paper No: FEDSM2021-61746
...Abstract Abstract The article illustrates the application of Bayesian estimation to the identification of flow instabilities, with special reference to rotating cavitation, in a three-bladed axial inducer using the unsteady pressure readings of a single transducer mounted on the casing just...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. FEDSM2020, Volume 1: Fluid Applications and Systems; Fluid Measurement and Instrumentation, V001T01A010, July 13–15, 2020
Paper No: FEDSM2020-20270
... Abstract Cavitation is a phenomenon that occurs in liquid media when the pressure drops below the vapor pressure. Cavitation is accompanied by damage when the imploding vapor bubbles implode in the vicinity of components. Cavitation is known in all hydraulic machines, be it a pump or a turbine...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. FEDSM2020, Volume 1: Fluid Applications and Systems; Fluid Measurement and Instrumentation, V001T01A027, July 13–15, 2020
Paper No: FEDSM2020-20144
... impellers were manufactured and confirmed the performance over a wide flow rate range by experiments. In addition, a optimizing design method that improves pump performance at lower cost was studied. splitter blade CFD optimization cavitation pump DESIGN OPTIMIZATION OF SPLITTER BLADE IMPELLER...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. FEDSM2020, Volume 1: Fluid Applications and Systems; Fluid Measurement and Instrumentation, V001T01A031, July 13–15, 2020
Paper No: FEDSM2020-20062
... drops occurred occasionally depending on the initial pump inlet condition. Because the engine tests were performed at various inlet temperature and pressure settings of the LOX pump, the resulting suction performance behaviors of the LOX pump were varied. The critical cavitation number, at which...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. FEDSM2020, Volume 3: Computational Fluid Dynamics; Micro and Nano Fluid Dynamics, V003T05A017, July 13–15, 2020
Paper No: FEDSM2020-20172
... Abstract Cavitation and choked flow conditions can occur when high-pressure drops are encounters in various types of valves, which prevent them to work properly and may cause severe erosion damage inside the valves that decrease their lifetime. Prediction of these critical conditions leads...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. FEDSM2020, Volume 2: Fluid Mechanics; Multiphase Flows, V002T04A006, July 13–15, 2020
Paper No: FEDSM2020-20301
... Abstract The Barotropic Cavitation Model describes the behavior of a homogeneous mixture of liquid and gas bubbles (gaseous cavitation) as it traverses a converging-diverging (CD) nozzle. Its normal shock formulation makes reliable and accurate predictions of streamwise static pressure...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 5: Multiphase Flow, V005T05A011, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-4781
... Abstract The cavitating flows created in a small Venturi tube with throat cross section 4 × 15.34 mm 2 are investigated based on ultra-fast x-ray imaging. The instantaneous velocities of the liquid and vapor are measured simultaneously by tracking seeding particles and vapor structures...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 5: Multiphase Flow, V005T05A013, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5161
.... The amplitude of pressure fluctuation at P1 (impeller inlet) is the highest among those monitoring points, where the amplitude decreases with the flow rates. The dominant frequency of pressure fluctuation at impeller under cavitation condition is the blade passing frequency (BPF). Besides, there are also N...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 5: Multiphase Flow, V005T05A014, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5240
... Abstract This work documents flow characterization and cavitation inception of a co-rotating vortex pair shed from a single fin with a rounded tip at zero angle of attack. The fin was outfitted with a removable tip fabricated using a rapid prototype method. The co-rotating vortices result from...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 1: Fluid Mechanics, V001T01A041, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5119
... Abstract In order to improve the cavitation resistance of centrifugal pump, bionic groove surface structure was arranged on the suction surface of centrifugal pump blade which is the most prone to cavitation. Numerical simulation method was used to study the influence of different-shape groove...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 2: Computational Fluid Dynamics, V002T02A042, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5360
... and biomedical engineering. In this study, the interface instability of cylindrical droplet between plates is investigated. The problem is analyzed through numerical simulation and experimentation. In the experiment, a single-pulse laser is used to generate cavitation at the center of the cylindrical droplet...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 3B: Fluid Applications and Systems, V03BT03A016, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-4906
... Abstract In this study, we experimentally investigated the influence of the amount of dissolved air in working fluid and the rotation speed ratio of turbine to pump elements on cavitation phenomenon in automotive torque converter. In order to directly observe the cavitation phenomenon...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 3B: Fluid Applications and Systems, V03BT03A047, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5620
... Abstract The effects of thermal cavitation on the flow instabilities developing in a three-bladed, tapered-hub, variable-pitch space turbopump inducer are described by illustrating the results of similarity experiments in water carried out at Sitael in the Cavitating Pump Rotordynamic Test...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 3B: Fluid Applications and Systems, V03BT03A032, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5274
... Abstract This paper presents an experimental work on dynamic characteristics of a cavitating inducer. In the present study, the focus is placed on the cavitation compliance K and the mass flow gain factor M, which are necessary for stability analysis of a propulsion system of liquid propellant...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 3B: Fluid Applications and Systems, V03BT03A027, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5132
... specific speed was chosen for cavitation studies from 80% to 120% of flow rate and for three different speeds. An assessment was carried out for cavitation noise signature from those operating condition of pumps. The result of cavitation noise based on peak magnitude as well as average of noise revealed...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 3B: Fluid Applications and Systems, V03BT03A034, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5371
... framework was established. Baseline was designed in previous research [1]. The inducers were 3Dprinted in ABS plastic and their wetted and cavitating characteristics were measured. It was confirmed that the optimized inducer can maintain its wetted performance at lower cavitation numbers. A response surface...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 3B: Fluid Applications and Systems, V03BT03A074, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5283
... of hydraulic efficiency than with circular stator with low flow fluctuations. positive displacement turbine (PDT) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) cavitation energy utilization flow fluctuations EFFECT OF STATOR GEOMETRY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF A POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT HYDRAULIC TURBINE Arihant...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 3A: Fluid Applications and Systems, V03AT03A022, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-4993
... Abstract Steam trap valves are mainly used in thermal power systems to pour out condensate water and keep steam inside. While during the condensate water flowing through steam trap valves, the condensate water is easy to reaching cavitation, which may cause serious damage to the piping system...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. AJKFluids2019, Volume 3B: Fluid Applications and Systems, V03BT03A036, July 28–August 1, 2019
Paper No: AJKFluids2019-5402
... Abstract In high speed turbopumps, various types of cavitation such as blade surface cavitation, tip leakage vortex cavitation, and backflow vortex cavitation occurs. When cavitation responses to encourage fluctuation of pressure and flow rate, the oscillation of flow rate called cavitation...