Abstract

An novel array of micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) synthetic jets was designed to control flow separation by periodic blowing at two pre-determined frequencies on a NACA 0025 airfoil for a chord Reynolds number Rec = 105 and angle-of-attach α = 10°. The synthetic jets were generated by commercially available microblowers, providing ease of maintenance compared to other customized synthetic jet actuators. The velocity output of this jet array was characterized with hot-wire anemometry (HWA), and reattached flow was identified using smoke-wire visualization. Pressure measurements show that the array can suppress flow separation on the airfoil, resulting in 2.5 times lift recovery. From wake measurements, up to 50% drag reduction was achieved with the actuation of the jet array compared to the baseline (uncontrolled) case. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) was used to visualize the flow fields of the baseline case and two controlled cases. There was a significant difference in the scale of the vortices produced by the jet array and features of the reattached flow between the two actuation frequencies used.

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